By Benny Morris
This background of the foundational battle within the Arab-Israeli clash is groundbreaking, target, and deeply revisionist. A riveting account of the army engagements, it additionally specializes in the war's political dimensions. Benny Morris probes the causes and goals of the protagonists at the foundation of newly opened Israeli and Western documentation. The Arab side—where the documents are nonetheless closed—is illuminated with the aid of intelligence and diplomatic materials. Morris stresses the jihadi personality of the two-stage Arab attack at the Jewish neighborhood in Palestine. all through, he examines the dialectic among the war's army and political advancements and highlights the army impetus within the construction of the refugee challenge, which used to be a spinoff of the disintegration of Palestinian Arab society. The publication completely investigates the position of the good Powers—Britain, the us, and the Soviet Union—in shaping the clash and its tentative termination in 1949. Morris seems to be either at excessive politics and normal employees decision-making techniques and on the nitty-gritty of strive against within the successive battles that resulted within the emergence of the kingdom of Israel and the humiliation of the Arab international, an embarrassment that underlies the continuing Arab antagonism towards Israel.
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Additional info for 1948: A History of the First Arab-Israeli War
In a letter to Zadok Kahn, the chief rabbi of France, he wrote that the Zionist idea was, in theory, "natural, fine and just.... Who can challenge the rights of the Jews to Palestine? " But in practice, he was as opposed to Zionism as the rest of the Palestine notables. The land was already inhabited, and Zionist immigration would spark resistance; Palestine could be reclaimed only by the sword. Better that the Jews reestablish themselves elsewhere. 8 Kahn passed on al-Khalidi's letter to Herzl, who replied on 19 March.
In effect, the white paper policy remained in force through the war, even though Churchill-a pro-Zionist-had taken over the premiership in London in May 1940. "35 But during the war, there was, in fact, little Churchill could do, apart from winning the war quickly enough to save at least some of Europe's Jews. A secret cabinet committee he had set up in 1943 had recommended, as he had sought, a switch in British policy in favor of partition, but it was never acted upon. And although Churchill was continuously peeved by the Arabs' pro-Axis behavior, he knew full well that Britain needed a quiescent Middle East in the rear of its fighting formations and could not afford to rile them over Palestine.
As the pogroms in Russia in the i88os had launched modern Zionism, so the largest pogrom of them all propelled the movement, almost instantly, into statehood. And much as World War I had issued in the first important statement of support for a Jewish "national home," the Balfour Declaration, so the aftermath of World War II resulted in that decisive international warrant, the United Nations Partition Resolution of a9 November 1947, which would underpin the emergence of the State of Israel. In effect, the white paper policy remained in force through the war, even though Churchill-a pro-Zionist-had taken over the premiership in London in May 1940.
1948: A History of the First Arab-Israeli War by Benny Morris