By Koenig, Jeanette Suzanne
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Additional info for A diachronic analysis of the interaction of syllabification and jer vocalization
Rubach treats YVoc and YDel as separate rules (where YVoc is cyclic and dependent on another M-jer in the next syllable; YDel is post-cyclic and context free). ” She therefore treats both as subcomponents of one rule called Lower, which she argues is post-cyclic. 1 M-jers in consecutive syllables. Let us turn to the first question above, that of the phonetic environment that triggers vocalization. ), Szpyra (1989); Bethin (1992)) assume the rule is triggered when another M-jer is present in the immediately following syllable: (14) • ✁ V / __ C • There are two problems with this approach.
What is it about a M-jer that it requires the presence of another M-jer in the following syllable in order to vocalize? 31 He gives the Polish example, shown in (17) below, in which a chain of four consecutive syllables contain M-jers, and all but the final M-jer vocalize. Loss of the word-end M-jer might lengthen the previous one, but what lengthens the others? 2 Unsyllabified consonants. More recent studies (Bethin (1992); Szpyra (1992); Cresti (1994)) make use of the observation that M-jer vocalization not only 31 See Timberlake (1983) for such an analysis in the historical grammars.
The normal ending is /-š(i)/, but after an unsyllabified consonant, the allomorph /-ejš(i)/ is used. In (4) below, the /d/ in tward- can be syllabified as part of the coda of the root syllable, triggering the standard ending /-ši/. In (5), however, the /r/ cannot be syllabified without causing a sonority violation. rši). The /-ejš(i)/ allomorph allows the /r/ to become the onset of a well-formed syllable. - ši ‘harder’ m d. -ej- ši ‘wiser’ ✁ ✁ Stems with an underlying M-jer take the /-ejš(i)/ form: (6) pev’Yn-i ‘certain’ ✁ pevn’ejši, not ⊗pevnši ‘more certain’ The M-jer, although vocalic, is unable to provide a nucleus for the /n/ to syllabify with and as a result, adding the suffix /-ši/ would lead to the same sonority violation as the example in (5).
A diachronic analysis of the interaction of syllabification and jer vocalization by Koenig, Jeanette Suzanne