Read e-book online A Military History of South Africa: From the Dutch-Khoi Wars PDF

By Timothy J. Stapleton

An army heritage of South Africa: From the Dutch-Khoi Wars to the tip of Apartheid represents the 1st finished army historical past of South Africa from the start of ecu colonization within the Cape throughout the 1650s to the present postapartheid republic. With specific emphasis at the final 2 hundred years, this balanced research stresses the old significance of struggle and army buildings within the shaping of recent South African society. vital topics comprise army version throughout the technique of colonial conquest and African resistance, the expansion of South Africa as a neighborhood army energy from the early twentieth century, and South African involvement in conflicts of the decolonization period. prepared chronologically, each one bankruptcy experiences the most important conflicts, guidelines, and armed forces problems with a particular interval in South African heritage. insurance comprises the wars of colonial conquest (1830-69), the diamond wars (1869-81), the gold wars (1886-1910), global Wars I and II (1910-45), and the apartheid wars (1948-94).

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Extra resources for A Military History of South Africa: From the Dutch-Khoi Wars to the End of Apartheid

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Although the Sotho and Swazi states concentrated on developing defensive mountain strongholds, they could go on the offensive when required. Absorbing subject peoples, the Ndebele Kingdom moved around the Highveld to avoid enemies, launched cattle raids, and collected tribute. Some groups such as Matiwane’s Ngwane and Mpangazita’s Hlubi that lacked alliances, strongholds, imaginative leadership, or luck did not survive. CHAPTER 2 Wars of Colonial Conquest (1830–69) At the beginning of the 1830s most of what is now South Africa was dominated by independent African societies with the only colonial presence being the British-ruled Cape Colony in the southwest.

On February 3, the Thembu retaliated by launching another ultimately unsuccessful attack on the four Whittlesea strong points. With his contingent running out of ammunition, Tylden sent off a message requesting reinforcements. On February 6, another 36 A Military History of South Africa Thembu assault, which seemed likely to capture the town, was foiled by the timely arrival of mounted settler volunteers from Cradock which was 200 kilometers to the south. The next day a wagon train of supplies arrived from Cradock escorted by 180 Boers.

This often became an excuse for colonial raids that constantly harassed Xhosa communities and seized their livestock. The last straw came in December 1834 when Xhoxho, a brother to high-ranking Rharhabe Xhosa leaders such as Maqoma, was shot in the arm by a colonial patrol. In turn, late that month some Xhosa launched retaliatory stock raids into the colony and many surprised settlers took refuge at frontier towns such as Fort Beaufort, Grahamstown, Bathurst, and Salem where they built barricades and fortified stone churches.

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A Military History of South Africa: From the Dutch-Khoi Wars to the End of Apartheid by Timothy J. Stapleton

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