Get African Struggles Today: Social Movements Since Independence PDF

By Peter Dwyer, Leo Zeilig

ISBN-10: 1608463087

ISBN-13: 9781608463084

This groundbreaking research examines the profits, contradictions, and frustrations of twenty-first century prodemocracy struggles throughout Southern Africa.

Three top Africa students examine the social forces using the democratic transformation of postcolonial states throughout southern Africa. large study and interviews with civil society organizers in Zimbabwe, South Africa, Zambia, Malawi, Namibia, and Swaziland tell this research of the demanding situations confronted by way of non-governmental businesses in pertaining to either to the attendant inequality of globalization and to grassroots struggles for social justice.

About the Authors:
Peter Dwyer is a coach in economics at Ruskin university in Oxford.
Leo Zeilig Lecturer on the Institute of Commonwealth stories, collage of London.

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Additional info for African Struggles Today: Social Movements Since Independence

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7_all pages 6/12/12 2:08 PM Page 32 32 AFRICAN STRUGGLES TODAY social classes or forces. More generally, however, African social movements tended not to develop their own independent intellectual explanations of their own subordination. Helpful insight into the postcolonial reality was, however, provided by Frantz Fanon. ”20 He identified how the national bourgeoisie—the nationalist elites and intelligentsia—evolved after independence into the very exploiting class that it had supplanted: it became “a sort of little caste, avid and voracious .

New governments were elected and, in the context of the enduring debt burden, usually followed the same policy prescriptions dictated by international agencies. We explore the impact of such policies, and social movement responses to them, in the remainder of this volume. It will suffice to state here that, amid the brief international hegemony of neoliberalism in the 1990s, social movements in general and trade unions in particular failed to articulate any ideological alternative to such policies.

A useful way of interpreting the periods of social movement radicalization and direct action examined in chapter 3 is as “protest cycles,” which can be regarded as successive periods of intensified (and less intense) struggle. 11 Protest cycles pull in new layers of society which have not been active before, or reenergize those battered by earlier experiences of defeat. New organizations emerge, or older ones are regenerated by activists and new members. It is within the cycle of protest that new forms of organizing society emerge, and fresh organizations, movements, and parties develop.

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African Struggles Today: Social Movements Since Independence by Peter Dwyer, Leo Zeilig

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