Download e-book for iPad: American Salons: Encounters with European Modernism, by Robert M. Crunden

By Robert M. Crunden

ISBN-10: 0195065697

ISBN-13: 9780195065695

ISBN-10: 1423737318

ISBN-13: 9781423737315

In American Salons, Robert Crunden presents a sweeping account of the yankee come across with eu Modernism as much as the yankee access into international conflict I. Crunden starts off with deft photos of the figures who have been relevant to the delivery of Modernism, together with James Whistler, the eccentric expatriate American painter who grew to become the archetypal artist in his gown and behaviour, and Henry and William James, who broke new flooring within the style of the radical and in psychology, influencing a world viewers in a huge variety of fields. on the center of the ebook are the yank salons--the intimate, own gatherings of artists and intellectuals the place Modernism flourished. In Chicago, Floyd Dell and Margery Currey unfold new principles to Sherwood Anderson, Theodore Dreiser, and others. In London, Ezra Pound may be came across in the back of every little thing from the cigars of W. B. Yeats to the prose of Ford Madox Hueffer. In Paris, the salons of Leo and Gertrude Stein, and Michael and Sarah Stein, gave Picasso and Matisse their first safe audiences and earning; in the meantime, Gertrude Stein produced a brand new writing type that had an incalculable influence at the new release of Ernest Hemingway. most crucial of all have been the salons of latest York urban. Alfred Stieglitz pioneered new different types of images on the well-known 291 Gallery. Mabel evade introduced jointly modernist playwrights and painters, introducing them to political reformers and radicals. on the salon of Walter and Louise Arensberg, Marcel Duchamp and Francis Picabia rubbed shoulders with Wallace Stevens, guy Ray, and William Carlos Williams. by means of 1917, no paintings in the US remained untouched through those new associations. From the journalism of H. L. Mencken to the recognized 1913 Armory exhibit in long island, Crunden illuminates this pivotal period, supplying perceptive insights and evocative descriptions of the crucial personalities of Modernism.

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Whistler and his work so excited him that he presented Proust with a specially bound copy of Whistler's collected papers, The Gentle Art of Making Enemies. Proust already felt an affinity for Ruskin, but found an almost equal enthusiasm for Whistler. Some of the material concerning the Whistler-Ruskin trial formed a backdrop in Jean Santeuil, and in the longer work the painter Elstir was clearly a character modeled in many ways on Whistler. 38 Most Americans scarcely noticed, but those few who did proved more than adequate to the task of keeping Whistler's influence a living presence in cultural history.

18 Etching was one thing, painting was another. For a variety of reasons, England was less favorable than Paris toward creativity in painting. James Whistler 15 nessmen controlled the art market. They recognized certain genres: a history painting like Daniel Maclise's "The Death of Nelson" seemed the visual equivalent of an epic poem, and such work had held great prestige since the reign of Joshua Reynolds and Benjamin West late in the eighteenth century. A nature painting like John Martin's "The Plains of Heaven" married heaven and earth in a religiously satisfying way, safely following the precedents of Constable and Turner.

On the one hand, it encouraged an emphasis on truth and decoration in painting and architecture. Ruskin and Morris insisted on the importance of subject, its moral teachings, its impact on the lives of all citizens, and the love with which decorations were applied. Such doctrines seemed to rebel against philistine taste, but in time they tended more to mobilize it in the service of social reform. Art became the servant of socialism in England and progressivism in America. On the other hand, Pre-Raphaelitism also encouraged an emphasis on beauty independent of truth: art had its own values and a true artist worried about line, color, and form.

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American Salons: Encounters with European Modernism, 1885-1917 by Robert M. Crunden


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